The platypus is a comical, egg-laying mammal with some strange anatomy. Dr. Briony Forbes and her team at the University of Adelaide have discovered a hormone in platypus venom that may hold the key to a long-lasting diabetes treatment.
In the early 90s, an endocrinologist and research scientist named John Eng discovered a hormone in the Gila monster’s saliva similar to one in the human digestive tract that keeps blood sugar levels from spiking or dropping too low. He named the hormone exendin-4 and began exploring its tremendous potential as a treatment for type 2 diabetes. Exendin-4 is improving the lives of people with type 2 diabetes and has great potential for treating devastating neurological disorders.