Innovation in Modern Drug Development Using Microchips
Apr23

Innovation in Modern Drug Development Using Microchips

In Brief: Organ-on-a-chip technology is used to model and emulate real human organs. The chips are lined with human cells, allowing them to recreate the same mechanical stress that cells experience in the human body.  The structural similarity of these chips to real human tissues allows for drug testing in both healthy and diseased organs.  Scientists believe the technology could save time and resources for the creation of drugs in...

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How Monkeys Provide Insights into the Development of Prosthetic Limbs
Apr01

How Monkeys Provide Insights into the Development of Prosthetic Limbs

In Brief For decades, the best option for those who lost a limb through injury or disease was standard prosthetics. However, thanks to new technology, we may soon have new and better choices. Scientists are studying the motor cortex, a region of the brain responsible for movement control. They believe if we can decipher how the motor cortex sends and receives messages, we could possibly create prosthetic limbs that can be controlled...

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Combatting COVID-19 with Help from Genetically Engineered Mice
Mar11

Combatting COVID-19 with Help from Genetically Engineered Mice

In Brief Genetically engineered mouse models that can react to COVID-19 the same way humans do are playing a key role in the development of vaccines. Mice have been used in biomedical research dating back to 1678, including in the annual development of influenza vaccinations. To create a genetically engineered mouse model specific to SARS-CoV-2, scientists used an adenovirus based vector that was altered to carry a specific DNA or RNA...

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Lessons from Salamanders: Could Humans Ever Regenerate Limbs?
Mar02

Lessons from Salamanders: Could Humans Ever Regenerate Limbs?

In Brief Salamanders, which have the ability to regenerate parts of their body, may one day provide the key to helping humans generate lost limbs. Scientists are studying these animals to understand precisely how the process works and how it might be applied to other species. Even if possible, there will likely be significant challenges. These include the length of time that may be required to regrow limbs and concerns about possible...

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Could Sea Sponges Wipe Out Tuberculosis?
Jan19

Could Sea Sponges Wipe Out Tuberculosis?

In Brief Tuberculosis (TB) is a resilient, deadly, airborne infectious disease. It is a leading cause of death by infectious diseases worldwide. Sea sponges could hold the key to fighting this highly resistant disease by inhibiting the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that causes TB. Many Americans might assume COVID-19 is the only active pandemic at this time. However, they would be wrong. Tuberculosis (TB) kills...

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Llamas Lead the Way in Finding a COVID-19 Treatment
Nov06

Llamas Lead the Way in Finding a COVID-19 Treatment

In Brief Llamas may present a unique solution to eliminating the COVID-19 pandemic. This is due to the extraordinary antibodies they produce. These animals generate antibodies that are much smaller than what is created by their human and other animal counterparts. From these antibodies, even smaller biological soldiers can be generated in the lab: so-called “nanobodies.” Nanobodies have astounding properties that make them a strong...

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